Installing low-flow toilets is a great way to conserve water and reduce your water bill. By using about half the volume of water as a standard toilet, you can save around a gallon and a half of water per flush. That adds up to thousands of gallons of water saved every year.
Many states and municipalities now require low-flow toilets on new homes or when replacing a toilet when remodeling a bathroom. For most homeowners, the process is simple and straightforward, but what if your home is 50 years old or older? Can your plumbing system handle a lower flow toilet?
The key to whether a low-flow toilet will function in an older home is the waste drain pipe slope. The waste pipe beneath a toilet needs a slope of between 1/8-in. and 1/4-in. per foot for the water to carry solid waste to the sewer. If it's too steep or not steep enough, the flow of water could allow waste to collect, causing a clog.
In some older homes the slope may not have been carefully planned. Since older toilets had plenty of flushing power with 3 gallons of water to work with, it may not have been a concern.
If you have an older house, here are some things to be aware of if you decide to install low-flow toilets.
If you're concerned that your older plumbing system may not be able to safely handle a low-flow toilet, consider installing a unit with a pressure-assisted flush that uses water pressure to charge a compressed-air tank inside the toilet tank. When flushed, it will use the compressed air to drive water out of the bowel fast, forcing it down the drain and into the waste line with enough force to remove solid waste.
Have questions about low-flow toilets? Call Maitz Home Services. We can help answer all your plumbing questions.
The sump pump is one of those plumbing systems that most homeowners don't think about. A sump pump is designed to turn on automatically when the basement begins to flood. If it malfunctions and doesn't turn on, it can cause expensive damage to your home. By following a few simple maintenance steps you can reduce the chances that your sump pump will fail when you need it the most.
IMPORTANT: Before removing the pump always disconnect the unit from the power supply, and reconnect it after cleaning.
Quarterly Sump Pump Maintenance
1. Clean the pump screen or inlet opening. If your sump collects the discharge from an washing machine, cleaning will be required for often.
2. Pour enough water into the sump pit to cycle the pump and ensure proper functioning.
Annual Sump Pump Maintenance
Remove and and clean the pump. Clean the pump pit also. Do not lubricate or perform any other maintenance unless the pump's instruction manual says to do so. Ensure that the float arm is able to smoothly move up and down to active the pump.
Have sump pump questions? Call Maitz Home Services, we can help.
With the heating season just around the corner, now is the time to be thinking about ways to save energy and increase comfort in the home. Adding insulation to your home offers several advantages.
1. Save Energy
With home heating costs increasing over 40% during the last 12 years, one of the best ways to stay ahead of the curve when it comes to rising energy costs is to insulate your home.
2. Improve Comfort
Along with sealing leaky windows and doors, attic insulation will help your home's heating and cooling system maintain even temperatures year round.
3. Prevent Ice Dams
Ice dams form when heat escaping from a home's roof cause snow on the roof to melt, as it refreezes it can create a "ice dam" that can cause water to backup and seep into the home.
Combined with attic air sealing, insulation can help to prevent the formation of ice dams in the winter by preventing heat from escaping through the roof.
Finding the right location for your thermostat is important. An improperly placed thermostat will give you false readings, reducing comfort and wasting energy. To ensure your thermostat is in the right location, follow these simple rules:
By following these simple steps you can ensure your heating and cooling system are affected by false thermostat readings.
Need help with your thermostat? Call Maitz Home Services. We're here to help.
According to the Electrical Safety Foundation International (ESFI) 2,400 children in the U.S. are treated for injuries caused by electrical outlets. To gauge the level of risk in the average home with small children, the ESFI conducted a survey of mothers with young children regarding the importance of Tamper Resistant Receptacles (TRRs), which have been required by the National Electrical Code since 2008 to prevent these injuries. The results show that much more education is needed.
Why are TRRs preferred over other outlet protection devices such as caps or sliding outlet covers?
If your concerned about the safety of your electrical outlets, give Maitz Home Services a call, we can help upgrade your outlets to tamper resistant receptacles.
The type of sewer pipe material your home has will depend on its age. Older homes often have clay or cast iron pipes, while newer homes are most likely to use plastic. However, as older sewer lines are replaced, it's becoming more common to find plastic lines in oder homes.
As with clay pipe, cast-iron sewer pipe is more commonly found in older homes, although it is still commonly used today. The main advantage of cast iron is it's long lifespan and strength. A 4" diameter sewer pipe can withstand almost 5,000 pounds of pressure per linear foot. By comparison, a plastic sewer pipe can be damaged by a person standing on it! Cast iron's main disadvantage is weight.
Plastic sewer pipe is made from either ABS and PVC. Its smooth surface provide excellent carrying capacity of waste and makes it resistant to tree root intrusion. It must be installed carefully however, as plastic is not as strong as other materials and can bend or collapse if not sufficiently supported with sand or gravel.
Orangeburg is a pipe material you're unlikely to encounter these days, and for good reason. Made from celulose wood fiber held together with adhesive and impregnated with liquefied coal tar, Orangeburg pipe was lightweight and easy to work with, but was also weak and prone to failure, which has resulted in many sewer lines being replaced over the years.
Have question about your sewer line? Call Maitz Home Services, we can help.
If you're suddenly noticing a sewer odor in your home, there are several possible causes ranging from minor and easy to fix, to more serious problems. Here are some things to check first:
1. Check the floor drain trap. Without water to block the sewer gas from escaping, odors will enter the room. Pour water down the floor drain to refill the trap.
2. Check the clean-out plug inside the floor drain. Remove the grate that covers the drain and make sure there's a plug inside the drain bowl. If the plug is missing, sewer gas will be able to bypass the water trap. A replacement plug can be bought at most home supply stores.
3. Unused toilets. When toilets are unused for a long period of time the water in the trap will eventually evaporate. Flushing the toilet will refill the trap.
4. Worn toilet wax ring. The wax ring seals the toilet flange to the toilet base. If the wax ring cracks, sewer gas can escape from the pipe beneath the toilet. If the ring is worn or broken, the toilet will need to be removed and a new wax ring installed. If the toilet is loose on the base, shims can be used to ensure the toilet doesn't shift and break the new wax ring.
Other possible causes of sewer odors include a broken or cracked sewer line or, less often, a loose connection joint in an interior wall. If you've checked the other possibilities above, it's time to contact your plumber to hunt down the cause.
Have sewer and drain line questions? Call Maitz Home Services, we can help will all your sewer and drain problems.
It's a hot, humid summer day and you're all ready to fill the kid's inflatable pool with water, but the outside spigot is not working or has low water pressure. Here are some things to check when the outside faucet stops flowing.
Check to see if the rubber washer has worn out. Sometimes the washer will disintegrate and block the flow of water. Replace the washer if necessary.
Need help with outdoor plumbing? Call Maitz Home Services, we can help.
Fans play an important role in maintaining comfort and indoor air quality in your home. The several types of fans that serve different roles, they are:
Also called an attic ventilator, attic fans regulate the heat level of a home's attic by exhausting hot air. They are usually controlled by a thermostat that automatically turns the fan off and on, or less frequently by a manual switch. An attic fan can be gable mounted or roof mounted.
Need a fan for your home? Give Maitz Home Services a call. We're here to help.